References Disappearance of Summer Arctic Sea Ice

Bathiany S, Notz D, Mauritsen T, Raedel G and Brovkin V (2016) On the potential for Abrupt Arctic Winter Sea ice loss. Journal of Climate, 29 2703–19,

doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0466.1


Burgard C and Notz D (2017) Drivers of Arctic Ocean warming in CMIP5 models. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 4263–71, doi: 10.1002/2016GL072342


Cvijanovic I, Santer BD, Bonfils C, Lucas DD, Chiang JCH and Zimmerman S (2017) Future loss of Arctic sea-ice cover could drive a substantial decrease in California’s rainfall. Nature Communications, 8 1947, doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-01907-4


Ding Q, Schweiger A, L’Heureux M, Battisti DS, Po-Chedley S, Johnson NC, Blanchard-Wrigglesworth E, Harnos K, Zhang Q, Eastman R and Steig EJ (2017) Influence of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes on summertime Arctic sea ice. Nature Climate Change, 7 289–95, doi: 10.1038/nclimate3241


Haine TWN and Martin T (2017) The Arctic-Subarctic sea ice regime is entering a seasonal regime: implications for future Arctic amplification. Nature Scientific Report, 7 4618, doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-04573-0


Holland M, Blitz CM and Tremblay B (2006) Future abrupt reductions in the summer Arctic sea ice. Geophysical Research Letters, 33 L23503, doi: 10.1029/2006GL028024

Masson-Delmotte V, Zhai P, Pörtner HO, Roberts D, Skea J, Shukla PR, Pirani A, Moufouma-Okia W, Péan C, Pidcock R, Connors S, Matthews JBR, Chen Y, Zhou X, Gomis MI, Lonnoy E, Maycock T, Tignor M and Waterfield T (2018) Global warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty


Pörtner HO, Roberts DC, Masson-Delmotte V, Zhai P, Tignor M, Poloczanska E, Mintenbeck K, Nicolai M, Okem A, Petzold J, Rama B and Weyer N (2019) IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate


Jahn A (2018) Reduced probability of ice-free summers for 1.5°C compared to a 2°C warming. Nature Climate Change, 8 409–13, doi: 0.1038/s41558-018-0127-8


Jahn A, Kay JE, Holland MM and Hall DM (2016) How predictable is the timing of a summer ice-free Arctic? Geophysical Research Letter, 43 9113–20,

doi: 0.1002/2016GL070067


Niederdrenk A L and Notz D (2018) Arctic sea ice in a 1.5°C warmer world. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 1963–7, doi: 10.1002/2017GL076159


Notz D and Marotzke J (2012) Observations reveal external driver for Arctic sea-ice retreat. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 8 L08502, doi:10.1029/2012GL051094


Notz D and Stroeve J (2016) Observed Arctic sea-ice loss directly follows anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Science, 354:747-750, doi: 10.1126/science.aag2345


Notz D and Stroeve J (2018) The trajectory towards a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean. Current Climate Change Reports, 4, doi: 10.1007/s406


Overland JE and Wang M (2013) When will the summer Arctic be nearly sea ice free? Geophysical Research Letters, 40 10 2097-2101, doi: 10.1002/grl.50316


Onarheim IH and Årthun M (2017) Toward an ice-free Barents Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 44 8387–95, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074304


Parkinson C (2019) A 40-year record reveals gradual Antarctic sea ice increases followed by decreases at rates far exceeding the rates seen in the Arctic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116 29 14414-14423, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1906556116


Stroeve JC, Kattsov V, Barrett A, Serreze M, Pavlova T, Holland M and Meier WN (2012) Trends in Arctic sea ice extent from CMIP5, CMIP3 and observations. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 L16502, doi: 10.1029/2012GL052676


Stroeve J and Notz D (2018) Changing state of Arctic sea ice across all seasons. Environmental Research Letters, 13 10, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aade56


Tang Q, Zhang X and Francis JA (2013) Extreme summer weather in northern mid-latitudes linked to a vanishing cryosphere. Nature Climate Change, 4 45–50,

doi: 10.1038/nclimate2065


Wagner TJW and Eisenma I (2015) How Climate Model Complexity Influences Sea Ice Stability. Journal of Climate, 28 3998–4014, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00654.1